Laparoscopy may be used to examine infertility or to treat a fertility predicament. Laparoscopy for infertility is a surgical style that requires doing one, two, or three very small cuts in the abdomen. By which the doctor injects a laparoscope and functional surgical instruments. A laparoscope is a thin, fiber-optic tube, implemented with a light and camera. Laparoscopy permits the doctor to see the abdominal organs. It also, sometimes make substitutions. So, without making a larger gash one can require more prolonged healing time and hospital stay.
Role of laparoscopy for infertility
Some causes of infertility can only be diagnosed through a laparoscopy. (Endometriosis, for example.) Laparoscopy lets your doctor to not only detect what’s inside your abdomen but also biopsy suspicious lumps or cysts.
Also, laparoscopic surgery can treat many causes of infertility, providing you a better probability of getting pregnant. Either naturally or with fertility treatments. However, the most serious reason for diagnostic laparoscopy is if you’re enduring pelvic pain. Laparoscopy can be used to eliminate scar tissue, a fibroid, or endometrial deposits that are provoking pain.
Risks of laparoscopy for infertility
As with any surgical procedure, laparoscopy comes with uncertainties. Some common complexities include:-
- Bladder infection after surgery
- Skin irritation around the areas of the incision.
- Formation of adhesions
- Hematomas of the abdominal wall
- Damage to the organs or blood vessels found in the abdomen (further surgery may be needed to repair any damage caused.)
- Allergic reaction
- Nerve damage
- Urinary retention
- Blood clots
- Other general anesthesia complications
- Death (around 3 in every 100,000)
When to go for laparoscopy?
Usually, it’s performed only after another infertility testing has been completed, or if symptoms warrant testing. Possible reasons the doctor may recommend diagnostic laparoscopy are:–
- You experience pain during sexual intercourse
- You have sharp menstrual cramps or pelvic distress at other times in your cycle
- Also, when doctors theorize moderate to severe endometriosis
- Pelvic inflammatory condition or severe pelvic adhesions
- Further, if there is a possibility of an ectopic pregnancy (which can be life-threatening if left untreated)
- Often (but not always), if a diagnostic laparoscopy finds problems, the reproductive surgeon will repair, remove, or otherwise treat the issue right away.
Laparoscopic surgery lets you surgically operate some cases of female infertility. The doctor may prescribe surgery if:-
- Hydrosalpinx is suspected. This is a particular kind of obstructed fallopian tube. Removing the affected tube can increase IVF success rates.
- Possibility of Endometrial deposits which can reduce your fertility.
- Surgery may be capable of unblocking or restoring a fallopian tube. Success rates range considerably when it comes to tubal repair.
- Also, when an ovarian cyst presumably causes pain or blocks the fallopian tubes.
- A fibroid is inducing pain, twisting the uterine cavity, or hindering your fallopian tubes.
- In women with PCOS who have not ovulated on fertility drugs, laparoscopic ovarian drilling may enable them to ovulate on their own.
Precautions to take after your surgery
The patient should contact the doctor immediately if:-
- You experience severe or worsening abdominal pain
- When you develop a fever of 101 or higher
- There is pus oozing or notable bleeding at the cut site.