Secondary infertility is the failure to become pregnant or to carry a baby to term after earlier giving childbirth. Basically, impaired sperm production, Fallopian tube damage, ovulation disorders, endometriosis and uterine conditions in women, complications related to prior pregnancy or surgery are among the suitable causes of secondary Infertility.
A previous C-section, infectious diseases, weight increase, and even the aging process may unfavorably affect a woman’s reproductive constitution. Men too may undergo complications as a consequence of tension, age or other related problems.
Test to detect secondary Infertility
In the case of women, performing basic tests like basal hormone study, ultrasound scan and hysterosalpingography (a fluoroscopy X-ray of the reproductive system) takes place. The range of tests may be extended depending on the patient. To achieve the examination it will also be important to estimate semen nature in the male via a seminogram test.
These tests are in fact identical whether your individual case involves primary or secondary infertility. Although obviously your personal history is significant and will be taken into account. Possible treatments are great recommendations. As a result of the investigations and tests could include artificial insemination, IVF, sperm donation or egg donation, depending on the individual case.
Treatment options for secondary infertility are identical to primary infertility. Treatments may comprise of Fertility drugs, frequently beginning with the ordinarily prescribed fertility drug – Clomid. There are a diversity of fertility medications for secondary infertility. They range from infertility medications to intrauterine insemination (IUI or artificial insemination) and beyond.
Common oral medications include Clomiphene Citrate and Letrozole. These are used to stimulate ovarian follicles to trigger the release of more eggs. Injectable medications such as follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinizing hormone (LH) are also generally used to generate multiplied eggs in a single reproductive sequence. Both are frequently utilized in combination with intrauterine insemination (IUI).
Intrauterine Insemination (IUI):
A semen specimen from a partner or donor is weighed and then placed straight in a woman’s uterine cavity during the time of ovulation. This places sperm as close as possible to the fallopian tubes where fertilization happens.
In vitro fertilization (IVF):
Eggs are blended with sperm outside of the body to conceive an embryo. Its implantation takes place directly into the female body.
This could be considered in cases where there has been a change in the viability of the sperm quality of the male partner.
This allows older female patients to conceive without using their own eggs. In this case, oocytes from a donor are combined with spermatozoa to produce embryos. These are then carried to the recipient patient in order to attain pregnancy.
Many duos have no difficulty in conceiving the second time around. but unfortunately millions of couples struggle with secondary infertility, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. Secondary infertility affects approximately 3 million women in the United States.
Time plays huge factor infertility. So, it is crucial to be proactive in probing about medical treatment from a fertility expert. If you are trying to get pregnant again, you shouldn’t worry much and try to conceive peacefully at first.
However, if you have been trying for a year and still haven’t conceived, you need to talk to your OB/GYN or fertility specialist. It is also necessary to seek support from your partner, family, and friends as you talk to your health care provider about the next steps.